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Animal Husbandry in Dimapur

Under our socio-economic and socio-cultural condition, the state needs job-led economic growth strategy based on pro-nature, pro-poor and pro-women policies of orientation and its dissemination. The role of livestock and poultry farming in livelihood earning of farmers is enormous.  Dairy farming is being practiced by a number of farmers in the district. The milk is being collected by the Dimapur Milk Union Limited at 4th Mile Dimapur and is processed for the production of milk products like milk packets, curd and ghee etc. The dairy farming is mainly practiced by Nepalese and other state people. Pig and poultry is very common in the district.  In rural areas of the district each and every household has 1-2 pigs and 5-6 nos. of poultry birds in the backyard of house. After poultry, duck is being reared in the district. Goat and rabbit is limited to small number only. 

Tab-1: Total production of Milk meat and eggs in Dimapur district

Produce

Total requirement (2008)

Dimapur production MT

Short fall

Meat ‘000 MT

13582.33

11500.00

-2082.33

Milk  ‘000 MT

23912.56

34716.00

Surplus 10803.44

Egg (in lakh numbers)

398.54

269.02

-129.52

Source: Department of Veterinary and Animal Husbandry, Kohima

Tab-2: Carcass yield of meat animals

Species

Av. slaughter age

(month )

Av. live weight

(kg)

Av. carcass weight

(kg)

Cattle

3 6

150-180

130

Buffalo

36

200-250

175

Pig

12

100

75

Sheep/ Goat

12

40-50

22

Poultry

2

2-5

1.5 kg

 Source: Department of Veterinary and Animal Husbandry, Kohima

Tab-3: Milk yield by type of Animals

Type of animal

Milk yield (litres/day)

Cross bred cattle

3.78-5.40

Indigenous cattle

0.950-1.556

Buffalo

0.925-1.515

Goat

0.140-0.426

1. Cattle production system

In the district most of the farmers leave their cattle for free grazing except during paddy cultivation period. However some farmers’ follow stall fed system.

2. Mithun production System

The Mithuns are not reared in the district. But in Mezdiphema, block   National Research Centre on Mithun was established in 1988. The 76 Mithuns of Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram and Arunachal Strains are being maintained by NRC-M for experimental purposes.

3. Goat production system

For goat rearing free grazing system is followed.

4. Pig production system

In pig production both loose and stall fed system is practiced. In piggery, most of the farmers follow stall fed system with kitchen waste and locally available feeds like Colocacia leaves and stem, rice polish, wheat bran etc. The Veterinary department is trying to provide the health services by organizing the veterinary camps and trainings. There animals are examined, vaccinated and medicines are provided as per need.

Fig.- Pig rearing system in farmer’s field

5. Poultry production System

Most of the farmers follow backyard system of poultry rearing, however, some farmers with higher number of poultry birds follows deep litter system. In case of backyard poultry system, the birds are fed with broken rice / maize seeds in morning and evening. The birds are more prone to diseases due to unhygienic conditions.

Fig.- Poultry production system in Dimapur district

6. Constraints, Strategies, Technological intervention and Action plan of different Livestock Production System

  • Availability of improved breed of livestock and poultry

  • Financial assistance to the farmers through financial institutions to promote dairy farming and large scale poultry and pig rearing.

  • Non availability of proper animal health care in the remote villages due to bad road condition

6.1 Strategies:

  • Improved breeds of livestock’s like Cross bred of Jersy or Holstein Freisen, Pig eg., Large black, Hampshire and Burmese Black, among the poultry Giriraja, Vanaraja and Kuroiler birds should be readily available to the through KVK and other Govt. intervention. Farmers Intervention Group (FIG) on livestock and poultry can also multiply the animals under the supervision of Veterinary Doctors.

  • Financial assistance should be made available to the needy and interested farmers to go for large scale farming of livestock or poultry.

  • Animal health care should be provided by organizing Animal health camps in the remote villages from time to time before the spread of any particular disease.

  • Road communication should be improved by improving the link roads.

6.2 Technological intervention and action plan

  • Training and demonstrations on livestock, dairy and poultry.

  • Veterinary health camps.

  • Upgradation pf local cattle by cross breeding.

  • Vaccination of livestock and poultry like FMD, Swine fever, HS, BQ and ND.

  • Popularization of fodder cultivation by organizing trainings and field demonstrations.

 

Site developed and maintained by: KVK Dimapur, ICAR Complex for NEH Region, Jharnapani, Medziphema-797 106, Nagaland.

 

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