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Sericulture in Dimapur district

The entire district of Dimapur is unique in large Bio- Diversity of Sericigenous Flora and Fauna, Climatic and Soil conditions prevailing in the Entire District of Dimapur is also suitable for Commercial Exploitation of all four varieties of Silkworms Viz- Mulberry, Eri, Muga and Tsar. Among these four verities of Silk activities,  Eri culture and Muga culture have gained popularity in the District. 

7.1 Block wise area under cultivation in silkworm food plants and productivity of silk

During the year 2008 the production of disease free laying , cocoons and silk of Dimapur District Block-wise till date is:-

Table 1. Mulberry                                                              

Sl no.

Block

Area covered (acres)

Dfls Reared.

Cocoons

(Kgs.)

Silk

(Kgs.)

1.

Kuhuboto

10

525

166.95

16.69

2

Niuland

28

1537

488.77

48.87

3.

Medziphema

100

4200

1335.60

133.56

4.

Dhansiripar

50

2375

755.25

75.53

 

Total

188

8637

2746.51

274.65

Source: Deputy Director, Sericulture , Dimapur

Table 2. Eri                                                                                 Area in Acres.

Sl no.

Block

Area covered

Dfls Reared.

Cocoons

(MT)

Silk (MT)

1.

Kuhuboto.

21

16800

1.85

1.57

2

Niuland

53

42600

4.69

3.98

3.

Medziphema.

207

165600

18.22

15.48

4.

Dhanseripar.

295

23600

25.96

22.07

 

Total

188

4.61Lakhs

50.72

43.10

Source: Deputy Director, Sericulture , Dimapur

Table 3. Muga                                                                       Area in Acre.

Sl no.

Block

Area covered

Dfls Reared.

Production of cocoons(MT).

         Silk Production(MT)

1.

Kuhuboto

-

-

-

-

2

Niuland

50

-

-

-

3.

Medziphema

77

-

-

-

4.

Dhanseripar

133

-

-

-

 

Total

250

 

 

 

Source: Deputy Director, Sericulture , Dimapur

  7.2.  Constraints, strategy and action plan

It is seen that of the four types of Silkworm Rearing(Mulberry,Muga,Eri and Tasar) practiced in Nagaland ,in Dimapur Districts only three types of silkworm rearing namely Mulberry, Eri and Muga are practiced by the Farmers ,of which, Eri and Muga silkworm rearing are most popular. However, it is found that lot of constraints are being faced by the Farmers in the field which is found to be un-organized. The following Gap/Constraints are identified.

  • Lack of Knowledge on improved method of rearing silkworms and plantation of silkworm food plants.
  • Inadequate supply of quality silkworm seeds for Mulberry, Eri and Muga.
  • Inadequate infrastructure for silkworm seed production.
  • Inadequate space for scientific silkworm rearing at Farm level.
  • Lack of sufficient rearing appliances such as rearing trays, rearing stands, leave chamber etc.
  • Need for suitable device for taking out pupa by opening Eri cocoons.
  • Need for competence enhancement and skill up gradation at various levels.
  • Lack of organized marketing system

 

To address the above gap in the field it is felt that the following interventions are felt necessary under the present project.

Technological Intervention: 

  • Introduction of high yielding varieties of muga food plants.

  • Introduction of perennial variety of castor and Kesseru plants in the farm level.

  • Popularization of latest package and practices of raising of systematic eri and muga food plants.

  • Effort to increase the production of quality silkworm eggs of muga and eri.

  • Impart necessary training and skill up gradation for the rural farmers, particularly women.

  • Provide technological support in the pre-cocoon process.

Marketing Intervention:

  • Support the farmers / society in locating /developing market for cocoons and silk.

  • Exposure of the end products at national and international levels by participating in expos/fairs.

Financial Intervention:

  • Financial support to the farmers for adaptation of latest technological interventions for rising and maintenance of plantation, silkworm rearing and harvesting of cocoons.
  • Support to farmers for improving their rearing capacity by providing necessary infrastructure like rearing appliances, rearing house and other facilities.

Social Intervention:

  • Encourage farmers to adopt latest method of package of practice.
  • Involvement of women’s in economic activities thereby promoting women empowerment.
  • Encourage farmers to work in group by group formations. 

  Source: Deputy director, Department of  Sericulture, Dimapur

 

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